Especially for switch-mode power supplies (SMPSs), the printed circuit board (PCB) layout is a critical but often under appreciated step in achieving proper performance and reliability. Errors in the PCB layout cause a variety of misbehaviors including poor output voltage regulation, switching jitter, and even device failure. Issues like these should be avoided at all costs, since fixing them usually requires a PCB design modification. However, these pitfalls are easily circumvented if time and thought are spent during the PCB layout process before the first PCBs are ever ordered.
This article presents five simple steps to ensure that your next step-down converter’s PCB layout is robust and ready for prototyping.
This application report provides the method of calculating the maximum output current of the TPS92630-Q1 device in exterior-lighting automotive applications. The junction-to-ambient thermal resistance (RθJA) of the TPS92630-Q1 device is the key parameter when calculating the maximum output current of the TPS92630-Q1 device. This application report provides a method about how to measure the RθJA of TPS92630-Q1 reference boards. The reference boards are fabricated with different copper thickness. A comparison table of both measured and simulated RθJA of different copper thickness is given in the report for correlation.
Power factor correction (PFC) is widely used in AC/DC power supplies with an input power of 75 watts or greater. PFC forces the input current to follow the input voltage so that any electrical load appears like a resistor. Amongst all the different PFC topologies, the totem-pole PFC has recently received more attention because it uses the least number of components, has the smallest conduction loss, and has the highest efficiency. Typically, a totem-pole PFC cannot operate in continuous-conduction mode (CCM) because of the slow reverse recovery of the MOSFET’s body diodes. However, with the advent of the galliumnitride (GaN) FET, its diode-free structure makes the CCM totem-pole PFC possible.